What Are The Risks Of Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?

What is the success rate of heart valve replacement surgery?

A recent study found that aortic valve replacement surgery has a 94 percent five-year survival rate..

Is a heart valve replacement major surgery?

Heart valve surgery is open-heart surgery through the breastbone, into the chest. It is a major operation that can last two hours or longer and recovery often takes several weeks.

How many times can a heart valve be replaced?

In some rare cases, a valve repair may fail and another operation may be needed. Patients with a biological valve may need to have the valve replaced in 10 to 15 years. Mechanical valves may also fail, so patients should alert their doctor if they are having any symptoms of valve failure.

Can a heart valve be replaced without open heart surgery?

Stanford surgeons are now using a minimally invasive, catheter-based treatment to replace damaged valves. Called transcatheter aortic valve replacement, or TAVR, the approach can be used in patients who are at high or moderate risk of developing complications if they undergo traditional surgery.

How serious is a valve replacement?

What are the risks of heart valve repair or replacement surgery? Possible risks of heart valve repair or replacement surgery include: Bleeding during or after the surgery. Blood clots that can cause heart attack, stroke, or lung problems.

Do you feel better after heart valve replacement?

Your chest, shoulders, and upper back may ache. The incision in your chest may be sore or swollen. These symptoms usually get better after 4 to 6 weeks. You will probably be able to do many of your usual activities after 4 to 6 weeks.

How long after heart valve replacement can you drive?

DO NOT drive for at least 4 to 6 weeks after your surgery. The twisting movements needed to turn the steering wheel may pull on your incision. Expect to take 6 to 8 weeks off work.

What is the most common heart valve replacement?

The aortic valve is the most common valve to be replaced. The mitral valve is the most common valve to be repaired. Only rarely is the tricuspid valve or the pulmonic valve repaired or replaced.

How long does it take to recover from heart valve surgery?

Most patients who receive minimal incision valve surgery need about 3 weeks to recover, some faster, some longer depending on the type of work they do. Patients with traditional open heart surgery generally require more time to recover, on average between 8 to 10 weeks.

How much does it cost for aortic valve replacement?

TAVR devices typically cost about $32,000, compared with surgical valves that average between $4,000 and $7,000, said Dr. Lars Svensson, director of quality and process improvement in the Cleveland Clinic’s department of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery.

What can I expect after heart valve replacement?

After your heart valve surgery, you’ll generally spend a day or more in the intensive care unit (ICU). You’ll be given fluids and medications through intravenous (IV) lines. Other tubes will drain urine from your bladder and fluid and blood from your chest.

What are the risks of aortic valve replacement?

Risks associated with aortic valve repair and aortic valve replacement surgery may include:Bleeding.Blood clots.Valve dysfunction in replacement valves.Heart rhythm problems.Infection.Stroke.Death.

What is the life expectancy of someone with an artificial heart valve?

For example, they estimated that a 45-year-old undergoing mechanical valve replacement has a life expectancy of 19 years (compared with 34 years in the general population), and lifetime risk of thrombo-embolism, bleeding, and re-intervention of 18, 15, and 10%, respectively.

How long can you live after valve replacement?

Average life expectancy of surgical patients who survived the postoperative period was 90.91 months (95% CI 82.99–97.22), compared to 92.94 months (95% CI 92.39–93.55) in the control group.

What are the signs of a bad heart valve?

Symptoms of Heart Valve DiseaseChest pain or palpitations (rapid rhythms or skips)Shortness of breath, difficulty catching your breath, fatigue, weakness, or inability to maintain regular activity level.Lightheadedness or fainting.Swollen ankles, feet or abdomen.

Can you exercise after heart valve replacement?

The positive association of long-term physical activity and improved survival has important implications for the advice given to patients after heart valve surgery. Offering exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation after heart valve surgery appears to be an effective means of increasing long-term physical activity.